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Bibliometrics and Altmetrics: Measuring the Impact of Knowledge: Univeristy of Baltimore Policies

UB Policies in Support of a broad definition of "impact"

Below are a list of UB and USM policies for promotion and tenure that allow for applied research, creative endeavors and pedagogical research to be considered as meeting the requirements for scholarship or service.  Measuring the impact of these works solely on citation based metrics will often not capture the full value of these works.  In those cases, some of the approaches described in this guide and elsewhere, may be useful.  

University System of Maryland Policy on Appointment, Rank, and Tenure of Faculty

The University System of Maryland's policy on appointment rank and tenure of faculty recognizes that the needs of each of its member institutions will be different and calls for the criteria that are "flexible and expansive".

II. Faculty ranks, promotion, tenure, and permanent status
B. Criteria and procedures for promotion and tenure
2. The activities considered to be within the criteria for promotion and tenure shall be flexible and expansive . The assessment of teaching, research/scholarship/creative activities, and service during the promotion and tenure process shall give appropriate recognition, consistent with the institution's mission, to faculty accomplishments that are collaborative, interdisciplinary, and interinstitutional and to in areas such as undergraduate education, minority-achievement programs, K-16 curriculum development, and technology-enhanced learning.


College of Public Affairs

The College of Public Affairs Policy and Procedures for Promotion and Tenure permits "feedback about the value and impact" of a work from a variety of sources.  In addition, the policy allows faculty to meet the criteria for scholarship  with "applied or community based research" not published in a scholarly journal. For works such as this, it would be useful to have ways to measure impact that do not rely on citation counts.

III. Promotion and Tenure Criteria
B. Evidence of Scholarly Work
Scholarship may include applied and/or community-based research that utilizes the academic knowledge and expertise of faculty but is not typically published in academic journals. This would include research reports, evaluation studies, reports issued by the Schaefer Center for Public Policy, and policy briefs issued by the college.
3.Assessment of applied research and scholarly work may include feedback about the value and impact of this work by research sponsors, community partners, government officials, media reports and other sources.

Yale Gordon College of Liberal Arts: Policy and Procedures for Promotion and Tenure

The Promotion and Tenure Policy and Procedures – Yale Gordon College of Arts and Sciences includes several categories of work that could meet the requirement of scholarship.

  • Discovery
  • Integration
  • Teaching & Learning
  • Engagement
  • Artistic & Technical Creativity

The policy explicity states that any work submitted towards meeting the scholarship criteria that is not peer-reviewed should provide evidence of impact.

III. Promotion and tenure criteria
B. Scholarship – In this context scholarship may include Research, Publications, and Creative Work
If work does not undergo peer review, additional evidence of impact should be provided. Work used toward tenure should demonstrate at least two of the following: peer review, significance and/or impact.

Merrick School of Business Promotion and Tenure Policy and Procedures

The Merrick School of Business Promotion and Tenure Policy and Procedures allows for applied and pedagogical research to be considered towards scholarship.

Merrick School of Business: Promotion and Tenure Policies and Procedures

III. Promotion and tenure criteria

B. Scholarship – Research, Publications, and Creative Activity.
The following distinctions shall ordinarily be recognized in classifying a candidate’s scholarly contributions so as to assess its relevance to the candidate’s role in the department and in MSB.

2) Applied/Professional Research - directed by the faculty member toward applying the existing knowledge base in a discipline to solving practical or business problems, influencing policy or business debates, or furthering the public interest.

3) Pedagogical Research – Learning and Pedagogical research contributions influence the teaching-learning activities of the school. Preparation of original instructional materials for use in courses, creation of teaching aids, and research on pedagogy all qualify as learning and pedagogical contributions. Examples would include articles on teaching innovation, textbooks and chapters, and peer reviewed and published instructional cases.

School of Law Promotion Tenure and Retention Policies

The School of Law's Promotion, Tenure and Retention Policy requirement for scholarship may be defined in such a way to make alternatives metrics less likely to be used.  However, it is possible to employ them in measuring the impact of much of the work that might fall under "service".

3. Service
In order to satisfy the service requirement for promotion to Professor, a faculty member must have both: (1) provided significant service to the law school, the University, or the USM; and (2) provided significant service to the legal community outside of those institutions.